Somalia’s livestock is estimated to be more than 43 million heads. The meat of Somalia sheep is considered premium in the gulf countries and is favored over other meats. Somalia’s famous Black-headed sheep (Somali sheep) is one of the largest breeds in the world in terms of numbers. Suffice to say, the country accommodates the largest number of camels in the world. With this comes the immense potential for meat, dairy products, leather products, hides, and skins, etc. And so far, only a fraction of this potential industry has been tapped into, especially the Somalia sheep or Berbera Black-headed that is native to the Somalia peninsula.
A unique feature of Somali livestock wealth is that it is absolutely indigenous. Cattle, sheep, goats, and camels all belong to the highly adapted local breed. Smallest and least hard but have high milk potential. The aware is the smallest and least hardy but have a high milk potential. The other breeds can survive the harsh environmental conditions of Somalia and reasonably produce milk, meat, and hides. Goats are mainly of two breeds, well-known for their hardiness, milk, meat, and skin. Camels are all dromedaries mainly of two breeds. They are mainly raised for milk, meat, and transport.
The unique way in which Somalia nomads raise and rear their livestock, including the thousands of species of native plants with which the livestock is fed, means that it has very unique and organic nature.
Facts about Somalia livestock: –
- In 2009 exported 2 million livestock
- In 2010 exported 3,7 million livestock
- In 2014 exported 5 million livestock
- In 2015 exported 5,3 million livestock 6% in growth
Facts on Somalia and Africa’s livestock: –
- About 43% of Africa’s camel
- About 10% of Africa’s sheep
- About 5% of Africa’s goats
- About 2% of Africa’s cattle are found in Somalia.
Sheep and goats rank first I small in terms of production, Somali sheep blackhead is characterized by its ability to tolerate drought. It can live up to five days without water. The adult females weigh between 30-40 kg and the milk production is between 10/1/3 liters per female per day. The tender last up to 120-day sheep are also widespread where sheep are found, but they are more numerous in the lower plains, more than sheep tolerate thirst and grazing grounds, and raise their own dairy, on which the shepherds rely on food throughout the year, and outperform their milk production on sheep.
The Somalia goat is found in all over Somalia, eastern Ethiopia, and northeast Kenya. The breed is used primarily for meat production. They are primarily found white but occasional individuals will have color spots or patches. The goats have short hair and earn. The males are horned and the females are either horned or polled. Medium and large-sized types with long legs, short earn, and long ear, adapted to dry areas, short, smooth hair with brilliant white color; with patches of brown on shoulder and neck; earns short and never pendulous; convex facial profile; milk yield is good.
Somalia has the highest number of camels in terms of numbers and quantity of production. The number of camel breeds in Somalia is about 5,400,000 camels, which equivalent to 52% of the total number of camels in the entire Arab region, which is 10,6 million and also ranks first in consumption camel meat and other products, where Somalia’s per capita animal food units amount to 1.75 animal units
Production of meat from camel
the camel meat in Somalia is considered to be the most salt meat for the Somalia consumer. It occupies the first place in the consumption of camel meat and its production in the Arab region. The numbers in Somalia caver self- sufficiency. Somalia exports many camels to countries that consume these products. The production of camel meat is 63.6 thousand metric tons per year, equivalent to 32.5%of the total meat production in Somalia. This production represents 52.2 of the total meat productions in the Arab region.
Camel milk production
The percentage of camel milk production in fasting is 1620 thousand metric tons per year of fresh milk, where the relative importance of production from the Arab total for the production of camel milk is 52.32% while the relative importance of camel milk production in Somalia to milk production in Somalia is 60.3%. This quantity is calculated on the basis that the milking season is 12 months and the average milk production is 1.800kg per camel, considering that one-third of females are fed annually and half of the production is human consumption and the other half for the consumption of small calf. The average milk season in Somalia is 13 months and the average production is 1525 kg per year.
There are estimated about 5.3 million cattle found in Somalia. Cattle are all zebu types of four predominant breeds. The adware is the smallest and least hardy but has breed has high milk potential.
The other breeds viz, surqo, gasara, and the Somali Boran are generally multipurpose, fairly well adapted to the harsh environmental conditions of Somalia, and reasonably produce milk and hides.